Cover for Brink

BRINK

ANIMATION | DESIGN RESEARCH

TOOLS

TECHNIQUES

ROLES

PROJECT TYPE

PROJECT BRIEF

The project brief revolved an artistic response to any catastrophic contemporary issue using print-making as a methodology. How can such a slow, deliberate, and process-dependent method lead one to explore and express their response to the contemporary? How can a traditional medium like printmaking be used to speak with a contemporary art grammar?

Snow
Forest
Mountains

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CONTEXT

UNDERSTANDING THE TOPIC

Starting my exploration of the topic, I laid out my existing knowledge using Ideo's Designkit Brainstorming method for 30 mins.

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PERSONAL INQUIRY: COASTAL CLIMATE CHANGE

Delving into the case study of Pondicherry’s disappearing beaches located on the Southeast coast of India, I learnt about the process of beach formation, natural erosion and anthropocentric effects causing the disappearance of beach strips.

This learning fed into my personal inquiry revolving around the city where I grew up, Mumbai experiencing a similar fate:

In this power struggle between the residents and the sea, the shorelines have receded but the sea will take over this city eventually. Having lived in this coastal city myself, I fear the loss of Mumbai, a home to me and many others.

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Source: Times of India

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RESEARCH

This project involves a cyclical approach with a triad strategy, oscillating between:

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PERSONAL INQUIRY: COASTAL CLIMATE CHANGE

Secondary research included conducting a literature review of relevant research papers, books and articles about anthropocentric climate change.

It also included a film study of Wade by Ghost Animation (written and directed by Upamanya Bhattacharya and Kalp Sanghvi), a short film which is about “a version of Kolkata, India rendered unliveable by sea level rise” as the undertone of the narrative displaying the struggle and fight for survival amongst the Climate change refugees and Tigers of the Sundarbans.

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These images have been taken from the Animation itself which was uploaded on Vimeo in order to raise funds for charities working in times of COVID-19.

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INSIGHTS FROM SECONDARY RESEARCH

  • One of the major catalysts for climate change has been migration.
  • Cities are not prepared for over-consumption and have limited resources at an increasing risk of running out.
  • With the rise of sea levels, coastal regions are impacted deeply with loss of land and displacement of coastal communities risking their erasure.
  • Ignorance, lack of access to knowledge and belief in the subject itself is a hindrance to acting responsibly towards the environment.
  • Despite community actions like protests the final decisions for ‘development’ are taken by government bodies which leave little civil power.
  • The topic of climate change has been reiterated multiple times in an urban person’s life through education media and art and yet there seems to be a gap between knowledge and behaviour.
  • Use of immersive media can be an impactful method of Informing users.

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INSIGHTS FROM SECONDARY RESEARCH

One of the most important research methods which informed this project was research through making. I explored eight print-making techniques to understand which technique would resonate with the idea of climate change and less consumption.

Print-making as a craft method requires the usage of chemicals, multiple trials and excessive use of material. The constraint of print making brings out an interesting yet conflicting paradox between this consumption heavy practice and the need to consume less

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PRIMARY RESEARCH

I visited all the beaches along the coast of the city over a span over three days – starting from Uttan Beach in the north, going to the southern end in South Bombay and ending in the east at Sewri. I kept a daily journal, took photographs and sketched.

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Live sketches and paintings from the field visits

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PROCESS

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ARTIST STUDY: THEODORE USHEV

He is a fine artist and an animator who used print making as the basis of his animation called Blind Vaysha. The animation is created digital but it attempts to recreate the effects of linocut print making. It is interesting to see print-making as the inspiration behind the medium and I wondered about why he chose such a labour intensive medium. The idea of an animation after viewing this stuck in my head as it best described change according to me.

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Images and information from: https://www.awn.com/blog/watch-theodore-ushev-talks-oscar-nominated-blind-vaysha-fmx-2017

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ARTIST STUDY: GAURAV OGALE

This artist creates looped moving images with a handmade aesthetic to them. He has created many such moving images highlighting water bodies, local people and their activities in an unusual manner and has recently collaborated with many artists from the Bollywood industry to create audiovisual poetry. By studying his work, I was motivated to alter my own approach to creating A Stop motion animation where I printed each complete frame. Instead, I decided to use the advantages of technology that I had my disposable and create a combination of hand-made and digitally compiled works. This in turn helped me consume lesser material than I had speculated earlier!

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The images have been taken from the Artist’s videos found on : http://chaiandillusions.blogspot.com.

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EXPERIMENT: WOOD CUT WITH OIL PAINTS

Stop-motion animation combined with a reductive wood cut technique using a circular MDF (Medium Density Fibre) as a plate. The purpose of this animation was to understand the interaction of colours and success of reduction technique.

Snow

Sinking City, wood cut print on cartridge paper, size 4 by 4 inches, 8 prints

Forest

View Through a Window, wood cut print on cartridge paper, size 4 by 4 inches, 3 prints

Mountains

Mumbai Sank, wood cut print on cartridge paper, size 27cm by 27cm, 16 prints

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STORYBOARDING AND NARRATIVE

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Storyboarding for the entire narrative

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VIEW NARRATIVE

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PRINT MAKING

LAYERING AND DIGITAL TREATMENT

The following images highlight the process that I followed to create the final animation. This included layering hand created prints on Photoshop and then using the Timeline feature to create a stop motion. I have tried to mimic the motion of water and how its visual can be accompanied with relevant sounds to create a more engaging experience for the viewers.

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FINAL OUTCOME

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Next Project: SoundMind

Designed and coded by Kosha

TOOLS TECHNIQUES ROLES PROJECT TYPE
• Adobe Photoshop • Contextual Inquiry • Researcher Thesis Project for B.Des,
• Adobe Aftereffects • Printmaking • Printmaker advised by Neeraja D
• Procreate • Semi-structured observation • Animator
• Unstructured interviews • Creative Director